|The history of the area is rich. It was
settled as a result of the arrival of the Loyalists, Americans who
remained loyal to Britain during the American Revolution. An additional
group, members of the Six Nations, who fought on the British side,
also came to the area under the leadership of Joseph Brant. This
community continues under the name Tyendenaga Mohawk Territory. The street
names in the Sandhurst area are almost all of British origin, except
in the subdivision. We are reminded of the War of 1812 by the names of
Richmond, Bathurst, Apseley, Wellington, etc. Many of the British
military decommissioned at the end of the Napoleonic Wars also settled
in the area. Nearby Bath is named after Bath in England.
In the 19th century County atlases were produced for most of the settled areas in Ontario.
"The Knolls" is located on the shoreline
below the church closest to the shoreline.
"This township, in Lennox, is a fine old-settled part of the country bordering on the bay; it is well-watered, branches of the Bay of Quinte embracing it as if it were in one, Hay Bay running up and extending itself in its centre. It contains 40,125 acres, the greater part of which is in a high state of cultivation. Opposite to this and the other townships on the bay, stretches that beautiful, populous, and fertile district, Prince Edward County, the shores of which, with those of the township mentioned, render the scenery and beauties of this part of our country so deservedly celebrated.
The Bay of Quinte may, strictley speaking, be said to commence at Fredricksburgh, as there the real bay or arm of the lake begins. The traveller has now passed on his passage upwards the Upper Gap,and is fairly within the bay. The Upper Gap is between is between Amherst Island and Prince Edward County, the Lower Gap being at the eastern end of Amherst Island above Kingston. The whole extent of water sheltered by Amherst Island and the County of Prince Edward County down to Kingston is, however, generally designated the Bay of Quinte; the part above the Upper Gap being called the Upper Bay. The land is of the most fertile and productive description, and there are very few acres in the entire township which cannot be cultivated.
Along the margins of the bay there are
some pretty residences adorned with beautiful and productive orchards,
while in the interior of the township they are not less handsome and attractive.
One of the fair sex has written thus in regard to this township, and it
is no doubt true in every particular. "We approach Fredricksburgh: this
too is a pretty place, on the north side of the bay; beautiful orchards
and meadows skirt the water, and the fine basswood and willow trees grow
beside or bend over the waves. The green smooth meadows, out of which the
black stumps rotted long ago, show noble groups of hickory and butternut,
and sleek cows are reposing beneath them, or standing in the small creek,
that wanders through them to pour its fairy tribute into the broad bay."
Meacham's Illustrated Historical Atlas
of Frontenac, Lennox and Addington Counties,
Patrons residing in Sandhurst who paid
in advance for a copy of Meacham's Historical Atlas: